Description of the Course Material
This article provides advanced information about 2021’s Nobel prize in Physics. This year’s Prize recognises new methods for describing and predicting complex systems’ long-term behaviour that are characterised by randomness and disorder and are difficult to understand. Syukuro Manabe, Klaus Hasselmann, and Giorgio Parisi shared this year’s Nobel Prize in Physics for their studies of chaotic and apparently random phenomena. This article summarizes (a) the studies of Syukuro Manabe and Klaus Hasselmann that gave us the foundation of our knowledge of the Earth’s climate and how humanity influences it; and (b) Giorgio Parisi’s contribution to the theory of disordered materials and random processes.
An article providing the basic scientific information behind the 2021 Noble Prize in Physics by following, however, a popular science approach is also available at the following link: http://www.nobelprize.org/uploads/2021/10/popular-physicsprize2021.pdf